The American Association of
Orthodontists (AAO) suggests that your child be tested by a 7-year-old
orthodontist. Therefore, the developmental milestone would be the complete
eruption of the first four adult molars. They erupt behind the baby’s teeth
(primary second molars) and NO teeth are damaged in the dental arches because
of their growth and eruption. Early detection of any orthodontic problems is
important in order to take early corrective action and avoid more difficult
At Kids Smiles we know, a happy smile always needs more. For some kids, orthodontics is a significant step towards a healthy smile lifetime. Kids Smiles has partnered with Dr. Meenu Giri Orthodontics to ensure the highest quality pediatric dental care in the region of Fremont Bay. Dr Meenu Giri Orthodontics is the combined practice of DR. Meenu Giri, Family Dentistry,and her team for the best Invisalign providers in the world.
At age 7, your child has enough
permanent teeth to assess whether or not a problem is emerging. Like most life
problems, if they are found early, orthodontic problems can be easier to
correct. Understanding that early detection of orthodontic issues does not
necessarily require intervention is vital for parents, but if early treatment
is needed, our combined teams may be able to achieve outcomes that may not be
as easy when your child’s face and jaws have grown.
To mention only a few oral
disorders, orthodontic surgery will correct protruding teeth, crossbites,
crowding, tooth spacing, jaw alignment, and airway deficiencies. In some cases,
our orthodontic consultants will use orthodontic devices such as palatal
expanders to extend the upper jaw to create more space for the adult teeth to
complete the eruption.
The Kids Smiles team and Dr. Meenu Giri Orthodontic team are both working to provide each child with a tailor-made experience in an atmosphere specially designed for kids and early teens. We treat your children with respect and in appropriate, child-friendly terms clarify every step of their dental care.
Request an appointment with Kids Smiles by using our online form. If you also want to inquire about orthodontics, please mention that in the comment section of the form.
life, you just need a do-over. That’s exactly what crowns are — a new beginning
for your tooth.
your life’s important players! Not only are they the first responders for your
digestive tract, they can also make a great first impression –so you deserve a
stunning, fully functional package. If your teeth need a serious makeover, the
only thing you want might be a crown.
A crown is a
custom shell that fits your natural tooth perfectly. Crowns look like your
original tooth and act exactly like it – except better. Crowns repair teeth that
are missing or badly decayed or discolored. Crowns also superimpose dental
implants and build bridges for dentists.
Fremont dentist, Dr. Meenu Giri shares what you need to know about getting a crown.
takes two visits to the dentist to get a crown. The dentist makes a plan for
your particular needs on the first visit and cleans the tooth. You will also
get impressions of the tooth so that the real tooth can be properly matched
with a crown. Your crown will be mounted and cemented on the second trip. A
crown is a dental piece that is permanent or “fixed. This makes it very
stable and durable.
cases, a crown can be designed, fabricated and placed in a single appointment
with the help of advanced same-day technology.
be made from a variety of materials and the advantages and disadvantages of
each form. When choosing between porcelain, resin, or metal crowns, talk to
both form and function are a superior dental restorative care. Because they are
made differently, the dentist will give that tooth special attention to make sure
it looks like a real tooth.
Form: Crowns look completely natural and are made of materials that match your teeth, they do not stain, and they fill in your smile for a beautiful set of pearly whites!
Function: Crowns are securely locked in place, shielding your tooth from damage and decay below, and are secure, fitting in your mouth completely naturally. When properly cared for, they can last for a decade or longer.
The same way
you do all your other teeth, you can (and should) care for a crown. This
includes twice-daily brushing, flossing once a day, and regular visits to your
dentist. You should also strive to be careful with your teeth in order to
preserve your crown and prevent the need for another down the road. It ensures
that your teeth are not grinding or opening containers and bottles with them.
take a while to get used to the feel of your newly crowned tooth, but after a
little time, it will feel completely comfortable and natural, even much better
than it did before!
If you’re interested in a crown, Dr. Meenu Giri, Family Dentistry would love to take care of you. Contact us today for an appointment, and you’ll be on your way to a new smile in no time! The content of this blog is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions. Dr Meenu Giri, Family Dentistry dentists are here to help. Find a family dentist near you online today to schedule an appointment.
cavities, or caries, are tiny gaps in the teeth’s hard surface. They are caused
by bacteria that generate acid from sugar on the teeth’s surface. A bacterium
known as Streptococcus mutans is the most common culprit.
form a sticky film known as plaque. Plaque acids strip minerals from
(demineralize) the enamel— a mostly calcium and phosphate layer of the teeth.
This oxidation causes the enamel to have tiny holes. A cavity emerges once the
acid damage extends to the dentin layer below the enamel.
Getting rid of cavities at home
treatments were based on a 1930s Trusted Source report that indicated cavities were
caused by the diet’s lack of vitamin D. In this research, there was a reduction
in cavities among children who added vitamin D to their diets. Nevertheless,
there were the best results for those who added vitamin D while also excluding
grain products from their diets. This may be because the grains are able to
stick to the lips.
enough vitamin D may make teeth more susceptible to cavities, but we now
understand that this is only a part of the puzzle. Other risk factors for
dry mouth or
having a medical condition that reduces the amount of saliva in the mouth
that cling to teeth, like candy and sticky foods
snacking on sugary foods or drinks, like soda, cereals, and ice cream
(due to acid)
cleaning of teeth
cavity has penetrated the dentin, you won’t be able to get rid of it at home.
The following home remedies might help prevent cavities or treat “pre-cavities”
by remineralizing weakened areas of your enamel before a cavity develops:
1. Sugar-free gum
sugar-free gum after meals was shown to help remineralize enamel in clinical
trials. Xylitol-containing gum has been thoroughly investigated for its ability
to promote saliva production, increase plaque pH, and decrease S. Mutans, but
it takes long-term studies.
phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) compound has been shown to
decrease S. Mutans even more than chewing gum that contains xylitol. This type
of gum can be sold in supermarkets.
2. Vitamin D
Vitamin D is
important in helping the food you eat to absorb calcium and phosphate.
StudiesTrusted Source suggest an inverse relationship between eating foods high
in vitamin D and calcium, such as yogurt, and young children’s cavities.
Vitamin D from dairy products such as milk and yogurt can be extracted. Vitamin
D can also be derived from the sun.
3. Brush with fluoride toothpaste
plays a major role in cavity prevention and enamel remineralization. Extensive
research Trusted Source has been done to show that cavities are avoided by
regularly brushing your teeth with fluoride toothpaste.
4. Cut out sugary foods
This is the
cavity cure no one enjoys talking to — stop eating so much sugar. The Trusted
Source of the World Health Organization states that the most important risk
factor for cavities is eating sugar. We suggest increasing the daily intake of
sugar to less than 10% of your overall caloric intake.
eating sugar, try not to snack all day long on sugary foods. The enamel has an
opportunity to remineralize once the sugar is gone. But if you eat sugar
regularly, you don’t have the chance to remineralize the teeth.
5. Oil pulling
is an ancient practice involving swimming in your mouth for about 20 minutes
around an oil like sesame or coconut, then spitting it out. Proof does not
support claims that oil pulling “removes contaminants” from the skin.
is an ancient practice involving swimming around an oil, such as sesame or
coconut, in your mouth for about 20 minutes, then spitting it out. Claims that
oil pulling “removes contaminants” from the body. But a small,
triple-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial showed that oil pulling with
sesame oil reduces plaque, gingivitis, and the number of bacteria in the mouth
just as effectively as chlorhexidine mouthwash.
6. Licorice root
from the Chinese licorice plant (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) can combat the bacteria
responsible for dental cavities. Using licorice extract in a lollipop showed
they were effective in significantly reducing S. mutans in the mouth and
oil pulling, licorice lollipops, chewing gum, and other home remedies won’t get
rid of existing cavities on their own. But these methods may keep cavities from
getting bigger and prevent new ones from coming. At best, they can help
remineralize softened or weakened areas of your enamels before a cavity can
a cavity is detected, the easier it will be for your dentist to repair it, so
be sure to visit your dentist regularly.
Let’s see those white pearls! You hear it all the time, but when did anybody want to see your full pink gums last time? While they may be destined to play their dark, show-stealing counterparts in second fiddle, gums are your mouth’s unsung hero. Gingiva (i.e., gums), together with the underlying bone, is the tissue that surrounds and protects the teeth. Gums are connected to the teeth, creating a bond that protects the underlying bone and creates an infection barrier.
Like most unsung heroes, until a problem arises, gums are
usually given little thought. Sadly, the time has come for many of us. A
research by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicates that
almost half of Americans aged 30 and older have periodontitis (the advanced
form of periodontal disease).
Gum disease begins when plaque builds up under and along the
gum line, a sticky, bacteria-filled film. Plaque can cause gum disease and
tooth decay infections, including gingivitis, the earliest stage of gum
disease. The bad news is that the gums get inflamed, swollen, and susceptible
to bleeding even at this early stage of gingivitis. The good news is that the
damage is reversible since the bone and tissue holding the teeth in place are
not affected. Gingivitis, however, could turn into parodontitis if left
untreated. Parodontitis affects the bones that keep the teeth in place, unlike
gingivitis. Parodontitis can ruin your teeth’s gums, bones and tissues without
Not all infection of the gum requires surgery. In fact,
professional dental cleaning already includes removing plaque and tartar from
above and below the gum line (the primary cause of gum disease). Scaling and
root planing are another non-surgical form of treatment. Scaling and root
planing is another non-surgical form of treatment. This procedure is
essentially a deep-cleaning under anesthesia where the hardened plaque and
tartar are scraped away and any rough spots on the root of the tooth are
smoothed to create a clean surface for the gums to be re-attached. It may also
be recommended the use of antibiotics to control plaque and gum tissue
In some cases, all that is required is non-surgical
procedures; however, surgery is needed if the tissue around the teeth is
damaged and can not be healed with non-surgical options. Providers may
prescribe surgery to reduce flaps or pockets in these cases. During this
procedure, the gums of a patient are lifted back in order to remove tartar and
smooth the damaged bone. This results in a reduction of space between the gum
and tooth, limiting the areas where bacteria can hide.
Most surgical techniques involve grafts of bone and soft
tissue. Bone grafts use your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone
fragments to replace and regenerate bone in areas destroyed by parodontal disease.
This operation restores the stable connection of the teeth to the bone of a
patient. Soft tissue grafts use grafted tissue, most commonly taken from the
mouth’s roof, to reinforce thin gums or fill in areas where gums have fallen
Guided tissue regeneration may be a treatment option in cases
where the bone has been destroyed. A small piece of mesh-like material is
inserted between the bone and gum tissue, which is performed in conjunction
with flap surgery. This prevents the gum tissue from growing into the area
where the bone is supposed to be and allows the bone and connective tissue to
grow back to better support the teeth.
Even if you have sterling, white teeth that are cavity-free,
you are not immune to gum disease. Most people don’t even know anything is
wrong because the early stages are usually painless.
While plaque is the primary cause of gum disease, other
factors that can contribute to periodontal disease include:
Hormonal changes like those that happen during pregnancy,
puberty, menopause, and menstruation make gums more responsive, making
gingivitis easier to develop.
Illnesses can also affect the gums ‘ health. Recent studies
have suggested a correlation between periodontal disease and several other
diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Scientists believe that the link between these systemic diseases can be focused
Medications can also affect oral health because some lessen
the flow of saliva, which has a protective effect on teeth and gums.
Smoking makes it harder for gum tissue to repair itself.
Family history of dental disease can also be a contributing
factor in the development of gingivitis.
Since they neutralize oral bacteria, onions are a great food
for healthy gums. They have microbial properties that target the most common
types of bacteria that cause cavities and gum disease.
Leafy greens are full of healthy vitamins and minerals, such
as kale and spinach. This includes vitamin C, which increases red blood cell
production and reduces inflammation. Both of these reinforce your fight against
gum disease and irritation.
Celery, carrots, and apples (including naturally crunchy
foods) are good for scraping meat and plaque stuck on. The hard pieces of these
foods get into the crevices between the teeth and the tooth, which helps to
keep your mouth fresh between the brushings. They also take longer to chew and
generate more saliva, helping to flush the bacteria’s mouth near the line of
Dairy products such as milk, yogurt and cheese, are also
great for teeth because they contain a protein called casein, which helps
neutralize oral acids produced by bacteria in the mouth.
It’s important to remember that you don’t have to be born to
suffer the debilitating consequences even if you have a family history of gum
disease. You can maintain healthy gums through good oral hygiene, regular
dental check-ups, and increased intake of the above-mentioned foods. Please
contact our practice if you have any questions about your gums or are concerned
about your oral health in general.
children aren’t a big deal, right? Kids are losing those baby teeth, anyway, so
what’s the point in looking for early signs of cavities?
there’s a big reason you should think about cavities in any and all of your
teeth, according to your child’s dentist. It doesn’t matter whether or not
those teeth were intended to fall out of the mouth of your baby.
health and the oral health of your child is directly related to your overall
health. And ignoring the early signs of cavities, even in a baby tooth, means
you’re ignoring a potential health problem later.
that’s not a price your willing to pay. So, let’s get off that train and let Your
Dr. Meenu Giri, Family Dentistry teach you some important info about cavities
and your kids.
Cavities in children are common. As a matter of fact, the numbers are staggering.
Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIH) states that nearly 42
percent of children ages 2 to 11 have either full-blown cavities or tooth decay
in their mouths.
nearly half of all children.
doesn’t even include the millions of families who can’t afford to pay for
dental care or choose not to bother.
nearly half of all children suffer a higher risk of life-threatening health
problems in adulthood simply because they’re not receiving the oral health care
Do not ignore those baby teeth
teeth are falling out of your children’s mouths, but cavities aren’t just about
rotten or unsightly teeth. That’s something many people forget.
Cavities can become dangerous.
As the decay
becomes worse, it can spread to the gums. When that happens, it can also spread
into the blood. That places your children at risk for more serious health
issues. It also has the potential to cause problems years down the road.
don’t ignore cavities. Those teeth are falling out, yes, but your child’s
future health depends on having healthy teeth throughout their childhood.
appointment for your child with Dr. Meenu Giri, Family Dentistry and start them
off on the right track.
You may be
wondering what causes cavities in children. Knowing the cause is the first step
to the power against cavities.
knowledge is power.
And it’s not
just eating a sugary diet or not brushing correctly. It’s a culmination of many
factors, and it would benefit you to know them all.
Bacteria and the early signs of cavities
contains a lot of bacteria. Some are good, and some are bad.
bacteria work to fight off the bad stuff and prevent illness as well as other
unfortunate health conditions. But some of the bacteria in the mouth work to
break down foods that contain starches and carbohydrates.
then turn to acids that cause plaque. And when plaque is not removed from the teeth,
it causes teeth to decay.
Lack of proper oral health care
children are not brushing and flossing their teeth properly, the plaque in
their mouth has time to sit on the teeth and break down the enamel.
As it breaks
down the enamel, it causes the teeth to rot. That’s what causes cavities.
You see, the
plaque is an acid that eats the tooth a little at a time, and it’s not
something you want to have on your teeth.
Lack of dental care
thing about dental care: your children can brush correctly and floss regularly
and still not remove all the plaque from their teeth.
often found in very hard to reach areas of the mouth, and it requires special
dental tools that can reach into those places to properly remove it. If your
children are not seeing the dentist every six months for professional cleaning,
they’re at risk for allowing their plaque to stick around longer and cause more
Here’s the truth:
dentist can find a cavity quickly, and they can stop it before it has time to
turn into a more serious problem. Not only that, they can identify the early
signs of cavities and hit the issue head-on.
you’re encouraged to see the dentist every six months, and the same rule
applies to your children.
of cavities in children can help you prevent your children’s cavities from
causing gum disease or affecting their oral health.
important for you to remember that a cavity doesn’t mean your child will
develop health issues. And it also doesn’t mean that they’re not doing their
very best to brush and floss.
just mean your child produces high levels of the bacteria that causes cavities.
It also might mean your children drink water without fluoride or they don’t
have as much saliva in their mouths as other children do.
As we said,
cavities don’t necessarily reflect yours or your children’s oral health care or
habits. Cavities happen. And you can spot the early signs of cavities in
children to stop them in their tracks.
A poor diet
always an early sign of cavities as some children eat a poor diet and never
experience cavities. However, cavities in children are more prevalent and more
common when a child eats food rich in carbohydrates and starches.
foods, sugary drinks, and other items that are generally viewed as unhealthy
are a sign your child is more likely to suffer from cavities as they age.
Lack of proper oral health care
might assume that white spots on teeth mean they’re just clean, that’s a
are whiter than the rest of the tooth indicate that the enamel on that area of
the tooth has already begun to break down, which is bad news.
Sensitivity is one of the early signs of cavities
kids complaining that their teeth are sensitive or that they hurt? It might
happen when they are chewing a meal or when they are eating or drinking
something cold or hot.
be one of the most common early signs of cavities in children you should look
for. It can mean their enamel is eroding.
Look at the teeth — again
If you see
any stains that are black or brown, it’s a sign that a cavity has already set
into the tooth. This is the moment you call the dentist and don’t make another
excuse to miss an appointment.
A cavity may
have already formed, and you must have it treated right away to prevent it from
becoming deeper and affecting your child’s gums.
Pain in the mouth
child is in pain, call the dentist. Period.
It might be
one of the most telling early signs of cavities in children, but it might also
be another oral health issue. Any time your child’s mouth hurts or they are in
pain; it’s a sign that the dentist needs to take a look.
It’s one of
the early signs of cavities you can’t be too careful about.
can discuss other preventative measures with you as well. Some of these include
dental sealants, fluoride treatments, and even a list of foods you can eat.
These will consist of foods that aren’t as likely to cause issues in your
Here are a few to add to yours and your kid’s diet:
Fruits high in fiber
And remind them to rinse after they’re done eating, no matter what.
Here’s the good news:
You and your
children can all benefit from this information, and you can thank your dentist
when you have healthy teeth.
Get the kids involved
should you teach your children good oral care, but you also need to show them
the early signs of cavities.
No one sees
your kid’s teeth more than they do, and by teaching them what to look for,
you’re giving them tools they can use for the rest of their lives.
Happy October, all of you! It’s one of the year’s spookiest
seasons, and one of the most appalling things we can think of is having
problems with our teeth and gums. Because October is the National Dental
Hygiene Month, by recognizing the importance of your daily hygiene activities,
we want to promote a healthy mouth for everyone. A healthy, beautiful smile is
built on good teeth and gums!
The mouth is full of living bacteria, some of which feed on
carbohydrates and sugar drinks and survive on them. To build a sticky bacterial
film (plaque), these can release acids mixed with saliva and food particles.
When plaque builds up, it damages and weakens the enamel of the tooth, causing
decay and cavities through the softer dentin and tooth pulp below it.
Teeth with significant decay also require treatment with the
root canal to save the tooth from the serious root-taking infection. A root
canal eliminates bad bacteria and dead tissue that may otherwise cause the
tooth to be extracted.
Did you know that China invented the first known bristle
toothbrush in 1948? The original toothbrush used boar hairs attached to bamboo
or bone handles, unlike the smooth nylon-bristled brushes we use today. We
don’t know about you, but we appreciate the toothbrushes of today!
You’ll want to begin by shielding your mouth from plaque to
avoid damaged teeth. Drinks such as soda, fruit juices, sports drinks,
carbonated water, and other acidic or sweetened foods, for example, are almost
a lifeline for oral bacteria that bind your teeth. Restrict these drinks to
minimize plaque, and when you drink them, use a straw to reduce tooth enamel
contact. Tea, milk, low-sugar vegetable juice, and unsweetened black and green
tea are the best choices.
This year’s National Dental Hygiene Awareness Month focuses
on four habits you need to practice daily:
Brush your teeth with a soft-bristled toothbrush (no boars
hair!) twice a day for two minutes every session. You want to wash them gently
without damaging the tissues of the enamel or soft gum. Make sure the head and
form of the brush fit securely in your mouth so that bacteria and food
particles can be extracted from the back areas. Hold your brush in your gums at
an angle of 45 degrees. Use quick strokes, move the toothbrush back and forth
to wash all tooth surfaces where the food is chewed–outside, inside and top of
the molars. Make sure the grooves and crevices are polished. Clean the inside
of your front teeth with up-and-down-strokes.
Clean your teeth once a day with a variety of flossing tool
(one that makes you want to floss every day) to get rid of your toothbrush’s
dental plaque. Plaque accumulation may cause it to harden into tartar or
calculus to be removed using special tools by a dental hygienist.
Through brushing or flossing alone, certain parts of the
mouth can not get rid of plaque. Regular mouthwash rinsing kills bacteria to
prevent tooth decay and gum disease (oral tissue infection) from taking
control. A non-alcoholic antimicrobial rinse that is appropriate for your needs
can be recommended by your dentist.
Talking of dry mouth, did you know that 20 minutes after you
eat sugarless gum chewing reduces the chances of deterioration of the tooth?
That’s because chewing encourages balanced saliva production by stimulating
saliva glands. When rinsing off food particles and bacterial waste, the saliva
plays a vital role and neutralizes the toxins from oral bacteria.
This month is a good time to toss out your old worn-out
toothbrush and find a flossing method you will enjoy using every day. You’ll
also want to thank your dental hygienist the next time you see them for all
their efforts to make your smile the best it can be!
If only once a day you were to brush when would be the best
time? Naturally, night time! The longest period of the day when you’re not
eating when you’re sleeping, and therefore feeding the bacteria that cause
decay of the tooth and gum disease. Another mistake I encounter as I speak to
people every day is that many people brush up the morning before breakfast. It’s
okay to freshen your morning breath, but remember to brush after eating. After
all, before exercising in the gym, you wouldn’t have a shower and not after!
You use the wrong brush
Anything but a soft brush can harm not only the teeth, but
also the gums. Plaque is smooth and easy to remove. Remember, not how hard you
are brushing, it’s how deeply you are brushing. Use a smooth brush at all
You ignore the rest of your mouth
In the tiny crevices between the “papillae” on the
back of the tongue, your tongue harbors food and bacteria. To get rid of these
harmful bacteria, use a tongue scraper or your brush. (Your breath can also be
Not using proper technique
Believe it or not, I spent 2 years in dental practice before
learning how to properly floss! Many people have never really learned how to
properly brush either and many dental professionals are guilty of paying
“lip service” for proper oral hygiene without showing their patients
how to do it properly. If you have any doubts, always check with us. Never
“scrub” and don’t apply too much pressure.
Not brushing long enough
The American Dental Association recommends for 2 minutes each
time brushing twice a day. If you watch the clock, two minutes is a long time!
That’s one reason I’m a fan of electric toothbrushes is because they’re running
2 minutes on a timer so you don’t have to think about it.
You don’t replace your brush
If the bristles get worn, you should probably replace your
brush every 3-4 months, more often. Worn bristles will not remove plaque and
bacteria effectively. And don’t forget to immediately replace your brush if you
were sick! In the bristles, bacteria and viruses from a disease can reside and
potentially re-infect you.